Excessive sleep: Cats normally sleep a lot but sad or depressed cats sleep even more. This means that cats clearly like their owner more than anyone else. What Does It Mean When You Dream About Cats: Messages... How to Draw Cat Paws: The Cuteness on a Piece of Paper. Cats can feel, react, and get affected by our emotions, but they don’t express those emotions the same way humans or dogs do. Do cats even suffer from depression? This suggests that cats are definitely attached to their owners and feel uncomfortable when their owner is away. Click here to learn more. However, this does not mean that all felines perceive them, but it does mean that the majority do. It is only recently that studies have confirmed what every cat owner already knew—cats feel the same emotions we do. Small animals like cats can … I lost my husband 5 years ago and I don’t know what I would have done without my 5 wonderful cats. If the owner acted like the fan was no big deal, so did the cat. When depression and anxiety get the better of me she is there. In order to know if your cat can tell when you are sad, first you need to understand if they even recognize your voice. However, how a cat is going to react to our emotions depends largely on her personality and the relationship you have with her. Have you ever wondered if your cat can detect your sickness before you? Please keep this cat! Here's what to look for. Here recently our cat has been trying to climb in my lap at every opportunity, running up to me, and acting funny. A cat can feel grief and … Based on this study, if your cat greets you when you walk through the door or follows you around the house, that’s a great sign that he/she has secure attachment to you! I can’t say “No.” to a pet screaming they love you. I have anxiety. It's not magic, cats can detect some changes through their senses. “We can see it in the body language and in their actions. They just have limited ways of showing empathy. The few studies conducted to determine how cats react to emotional human gestures is already painting cats in a completely different light and proves that they can tell how we feel. Our cats … I already had nine kittens from two litters. For your feline companion, a snub may be in order. Sure cats can tell your moods. Winter's shorter days can cause seasonal affective disorder, or SAD, in cats. It's true that cats' eyes sometimes get watery. Well, it is agreed by some researchers that some cats can tell if you are sick or not. Exactly how much a cat may understand about a human’s inner life is not something we can know; that said, some cats certainly seem to demonstrate a degree of awareness. He calmed down as if he knew what I said. Momma cat decided that she would take on all thirteen of them. It’s been known for some time that dogs are able to recognize changes in their owner’s facial expressions – now it’s time to discuss whether cats can do the same. Why is that? Keep her. Anything from the lack of a stimulating environment to a beloved family member leaving for college can … Yes, they can feel sadness as well, as when you are at peace and joyful. Can cats sense sadness? The one cat laid on my lap the whole time . My cats are awesome! Some people even claim that cats can smell fear. Cats behave differently ahead of weather changes, for example. While there are plenty of studies that show that dogs have emotions and can discern how their owners are feeling, little has been done to answer the same questions regarding cats. DIY Outdoor Cat House for Winter: Making a Difference... DIY Cat Tunnel: The Benefits, Proper Usage, and Design... Why Did Egyptians Worship Cats: Unravelling the... Can Cats Have Strokes: How to Recognize It and Treat... What Does It Mean When You Dream About Cats:... How to Draw Cat Paws: The Cuteness on a Piece of... DIY Outdoor Cat House for Winter: Making a... Mixed Breed Cats: Jack of All Trades, Master of... Can Cats Have Strokes: How to Recognize It and... Asian Cat Names: Exotic and Unique Names for Your Pet. I do know this, my girl won’t hesitate to be by my side but a human would! Can Cats tell when you are Sick? They have a special chamber that extends their hearing to a full 8-octave range. Two scientists, Moriah Galvin and Jennifer Vonk, wanted to see if cats can read human emotional gestures and how they react to them. There’s some really cool research that explains why cats prefer spending time with us. You can also test your cat’s visibility using a feather or piece of cotton. Just like us, cats are the happiest when everyone around them is happy and will show their appreciation by head rubbing, purring, or curling in their owner’s lap. Please keep her! It is observed that cats, like people, express grief when they lose a mate, a child, or a long time feline or human friend. That’s when I get stressed, he does this otherwise no he doesn’t. Every week, one lucky kitty is featured on our Facebook page, website and newsletter! They snuggle up against you or lay in your lap . I fell asleep , woke up an hour later . Only recently, scientists discovered that cats have and are able to express emotions, and a new study now gives the proof that they are also able to discern human emotional gestures. Please provide your email address to complete survey. Easier said than done, I know! If I am frowning and crying lil bit comes to my aid and lets me pet him and he gives great kisses. Maybe let some of the others go that are not as close to you. Furthermore, this experiment shows that cats are affected by our emotions and that they use them to guide their actions and behaviors. Lil bit has become my emotional support animal. On the other hand, some cats won’t show any signs of grief and will continue living like nothing happened, which causes some scientists to believe that cats, after all, aren’t capable of expressing emotions. I fell in my kitchen and my foster kitten who was six months old came to me crying. Do the others all love you as she does? We owners tend to love up on our furry critters when we feel good. Many cats will notice that a volcanic eruption, cyclone, tsunami and even a hurricane is approaching. She sounds like such a sweet doll! They’re tuned into us just like we’re tuned into them. They definitely know if some one is sad and/or happy and can … In fact, it is so closely related to ours that scientists are working on an electronic stimulation of a cat’s brain to better understand our own. While it is true that cats are connected to their owners and show concern, in some occasions, it isn’t clear if they do it purely for interest or if they are genuinely worried for their human roommates. It is important to reach out and try to understand your cat better if you’d like to know your cat understands human emotions. Cats can express emotions like joy, anger, sadness, fear, anxiety, excitement, and pleasure, but they aren’t able to analyze them because they require abstract thought. This study also shows that cats are interested in us and pay attention to their owners, contrary to the beliefs that suggest felines are indifferent. While felines are able to experience much of the same things people do, they aren’t able to analyze those emotions and deal with them as people can. A cat’s limbic system which is responsible for connecting emotions with a thought process works in a similar way with ours. Though the sneer looks like disgust (humans wrinkle their noses when disgusted), it is simply the way the cat's mouth is set to pass scent molecules over the Jacobsen's Organ. Do cats know when you are sad? His Maine Coon Stephan, as you might guess, is always well-fed. Of the 9 cats I have she is most attuned to my moods. But what does it mean if your cat is acting depressed? Be prepared for the worst. She will be devastated if you don’t.! You might have observed your cat running up to you during a loud thunderstorm, checking in to see if they need to worry. Then she curls up and sleeps and purrs. Cats simply acknowledge their owners in different ways, like moving their ears and head when you call their name. He follows me around a lot a and sleeps with me half the night then moves over to sleep on my husband’s side of the bed. Research suggests that dogs can smell out cancer, but what about felines? Much less research exists about cat behavior to tell us if cats are as attached as dogs are to their humans, but that is starting to change. This is definitely a pre-requisite to cats knowing or caring if/when we are sad. But we express emotion in similar ways. Cats are known for their diverse, often feisty, personalities; some are anxious, some reserved, others inquisitive. Once a cat entered the room, an owner was asked to first watch the fan with a neutral expression, and then respond to it either possessively or negatively. I adopted him when he was almost 4 years old. Omg!!! My cat is a 9 yr old rescue cat and whenever I cry, am feeling sad or stressed, my cat cuddles me and sits on my lap until I am ok again, I know that my cat definitely senses when I’m sad. On the other hand, if the owner was frowning, the cat was more aloof. She runs over meowing like crazy which she doesn’t normally do. Then I’d ask him, now what do I do. Shop for cheap price Will Mens Body Wash Irritate Jock Itch And Can Cats Detect Sadness . The study noted that when the owner was smiling, the cat tended to purr more, rub up on their owner, and try to curl up in their lap. Rolling around on my lap and batting softly at my face and hands. When I sit down she’s in my lap. If your cat's personality seems to change with the seasons, they may be experiencing seasonal depression. Is your kitty able to sniff out or somehow sense a health concern? Cats can also detect ultrasound in addition to high-pitched sounds. Maybe it depends on your cat's personality too. A change in how you sound will signal to your cat how you feel. So while science may need more empirical data to back up the claim, many pet experts (and owners alike) feel comfortable asserting that pets can, in fact, detect human emotions. If you have children, this might sound familiar! Another study from the journal of Animal Cognition showed that cats react differently based on their owners reaction. *I do hope that Deborah listened to her heart and kept that special kitten. Max is somewhat of an a–. They researched 12 cats and their owners and realized that cats behaved differently when their owner was smiling compared to frowning. This sounds so much like our Cat. More than 79% of the cats looked between the owner and the fan at the beginning phase of the experiment while he still had a neutral expression. We may pet them more, play more, or even give them treats just for being fluffy and wonderful. Still, this may be one of many theories that try to portray cats like some selfish and uncaring creatures that aren’t capable of the same devotion and loyalty dogs are. The cats were put in a room with a screen at one end that also served as an exit and an electric fan that had green ribbons attached to it. We’re sure that everyone who has ever lived with cats is already aware of how sensitive cats are to human emotions even without the backup of scientific studies. When I was upset, Theo would climb into the arm of the chair and pat-pat-pat on my arm. Sending prayers! According to BBC Earth, the short answer is yes, cats can sense our emotions by recognizing facial gestures, like smiling and frowning. Rusty is a very smart Cat. Just like a toddler with a parent, cats can get separation anxiety when their human is away. What does your cat do when you are sad? Cats are sensitive creatures and can be thrown into the whirls of great emotions from what may seem like the tiniest triggers. When I was a teenager, I had a wonderful Siamese named Theo who was completely tuned into my feelings. While it is certain that dogs can sense human emotions and offer support to their owners in times of need, cats are perceived as aloof and unconcerned about human affairs. Many people perceive cats as cold-hearted, selfish, and uncaring. Another hint that cats can detect we’re sad is how upset they get when we’re away. Share your story with us in the comments section below. They should respond by blinking or looking the other way. But if you've seen a cat with watery eyes at around the same time that they have cause to grieve, it's probably just a … Humans aren’t the only ones who can become depressed. The study also showed that cats prioritize their owners over strangers. God bless you for fostering. Wonderful cat. This study clearly shows that cats can understand our feelings and can adjust their behavior according to it. One of my cats will get under the blankets and lay down by calves, and sleep there all night. My current cat, Maxine is now 7 years old and I’ve had her a little more than 6 1/2 years. Cats get these things by snuggling up to their human, giving us a few head bumps and purrs, and then gazing up at us with those eyes we can’t refuse! But if they know to approach us when we’re happy and stay away when we’re angry, how do they know when we need their love the most? He kept crying and laying in my lap. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Do your emotions affect your kitty in any way? Most definitely cat’s share our same emotions. Required fields are marked *. The cats that had secure attachments to their owners continued to explore while paying attention to their owners. 10+ Photos of Majestic Fat Cat Photoshopped into Famous Art. Most seizures will involve a major shift in hormones within the body. My husband dug a splinter out of my finger one time . She sounds like a great cat. I do hope that you kept her! Depression in Cats is a Real Thing. Use your penlight to shine some light into their eye and observe. The way the scientists tested this was simple. And cats can and do have emotions; they do grieve as well. . More quiet cats can become clingy or demanding and the fear of strangers that all cats seem to share can become heightened when a cat is sad. A cat will quickly learn that a human experiencing a seizure is in trouble. That’s when I could figure out what to do. The cat and its owner were put into a room with a fan that had ribbons attached to it. In a positive group, owners were allowed to approach the fan, use a happy voice, and show happy expressions. The clinical signs we see tend to be loss of appetite, avoidance behavior, less active, and abnormal behavior, like his… He’s never been a cuddler but when I am super down he will let me hold him and cuddle with him. This same experiment was also conducted on dogs and showed that almost the same percentage of cats reacted to human emotional gestures when faced with an unfamiliar object. Keep reading to find out more about our mysterious and sensitive feline companions. Without his love and encouragement I don’t know what I would do. These findings show that we need to learn how to read the subtle body language our cats are using to communicate with us to find out how they react to us and our emotions. Can cats sense pain or sadness in their owners? Still, it is important to remember that not all cats are the same, and ones that aren’t grieving most likely haven’t become attached to the departed companion that much. Quora User If you are torn that deeply you should listen to those feelings. I dread the day she passed over to the Rainbow Bridge. All cats are great but some just stand out. Cats can detect seizures due to the wide array of changes the body undertakes ahead of time. They also, know when you are sick and will attempt to give you comfort, and use the healing purr to reduce your sickness. They are able to detect certain events that human beings overlook. See Also: What Does It Mean When Cats Wag Their Tail. She’s 10 years old and will act like a kitten. It’s like she knows that when mom starts petting the attack is on the way out. She really knows when I am sad. National Kitty is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. Please provide your first name to complete survey. It has many functions including emotion, memory, instincts, and motivation. They also observed that cats were more inclined to spending time with a smiling owner compared to one that was frowning. Another hint that cats can detect we’re sad is how upset they get when we’re away. When I wake up in the morning she is still beside me. They often misbehave, over-groom, or vocalize their displeasure. Do you think your mood changes have any effect on her? What does science say about this? I love her with all my and I am so torn between keeping her or letting her go. Some cats will try to cheer their owners by purring or jumping in his/her lap for a petting session, while others will remain unaffected and wonder if dinner will be on time. Another study from the Journal of Veterinary Behavior tested to see if cats engage more with their owner or a complete stranger when left alone in a room with them. They would likely need the power to communicate in order for science to ascertain the extent of their emotions. Mollie Junior Member. As fascinating as cats are, there is no reason to believe they have any form of sixth sense. Discounted Can Animals Detect Sadness And Can Dogs Tell If I Am Sad You can order Can Animals Detect Sadness And Can Dogs Tell If I Am Sad after check, compare They can, therefore, hear up to 64 kHz—1 octave above the range of dogs. Recent studies have found that besides changes in their behavior, there are also physiological clues that can shed some light on the feline ability to sense human emotions. Oh you must keep her! This can lead to fatigue, anxiety, and sadness in both humans and cats. It didn’t matter if the stranger smiled or frowned; it only mattered when their owner did. No, your cat is not likely to scratch you when he's mad. In time, we hope that others will also see how much cats are truly in tune with their owners and that they aren’t uncaring at all. According to veterinarian Lorie Huston, she found that her cat suffered from grief and stress after the loss of a household pet. Somewhere along the line cats learned that being there for humans when we’re down was in their best interest. I have 5 cats but they don’t have the personality like she has. A few felines will greet their owners at the front door, and even though you can only expect a quick purr or leg rubbing before they head back out to the kitchen to demand their meal, this doesn’t mean that your cat isn’t glad to see you or that she doesn’t understand how happy you are to see her. Lol! The parent runs over and usually tells the kid that they’re okay and magically there’s the crying stops. Today, thanks to the newest studies into feline behavior, we start to understand that cats have emotions and can detect changes in ours. Cats can pick up on human emotions, such as sadness. In the study, they had the cat owner leave the room for 2 minutes and then return. She has bonded with you and she loves you deeply or she wouldn’t want to be with you all the time. The same behavior is observed in people; some grieve where others aren’t affected by the loss, and no one ever suggested that they aren’t capable of feeling and expressing emotions. If the owner panicked and showed fear, the cat took its cue from the owner again and did the same thing. But are cats clever enough to detect our mood and comfort us? I put them in the kitten room for a week and when I opened the door all the kittens started playing. Still, during this phase, cats showed the same behavior as with their owners and were more inclined to show the same amount of positive behavior with smiling strangers as compared to those who frowned. Just as we feel stress from new surroundings, new schools or jobs, or changes in our relationships, so do our cats. Cats are even known to express grief at the death of a beloved owner. Yes , cats definitely know when you’re hurting or sad . Light Therapy Can Help. This means that our emotions affect our cats more than we realize, and your anxiety or stress can also get transferred to your cat without you realizing. They concluded that when a cat is faced with a smiling owner, she was more likely to perform positive behaviors like purring, cuddling in the owner’s lap, or head rubbing. As you might expect, cats were more likely to pay attention to and play with their owner, while they usually ignored the stranger. I’d start laughing and pick him up and start petting him and he’d start purring and be so proud of himself. But sometimes when I pet him or brush him, he’ll just swipe at me. She plays nursemaid at that time. In addition, the brain undertakes a form of ‘electrical storm’. Certainly cats can exhibit depressed behavior, but the general consensus is that they do not experience the same emotional changes associated with clinical depression in humans. One theory suggests that dogs were domesticated long before cats, and had more time to learn how to react to our emotional gestures and offer affection and comfort when needed, leaving cats in a disadvantage at reading emotions. When I’m having an anxiety attack or even a full blown panic attack my cat knows and will come to me. Still, every cat owner will tell you that a cat is capable of expressing abstract emotions like love and compassion, but in their own special way. When it comes to the range of emotions cats can express, it is important to remember that all cats are different and we can’t expect them to behave the same in all situations. As a young person I was all about a dog. To confirm their suspicions after the first phase, instead of owners, the cats were introduced to strangers who were also divided into smiling and frowning groups. This doesn’t mean that cats are cold-hearted; it is just the result of their later domestication and our limited knowledge about this topic. I never can talk about this with non-cat people, because they just don't believe it, they think it's wishful thinking..but it's just happened to me too many times to just be coincidence. After flehming, the will take the appropriate response. This may seem selfish, but we do the same every day—reading the moods of family members to figure out how they impact our needs. How can you tell? Believe me I could never part with a kitty like her. Keep her! If she hears me crying she runs right up to me and almost tries to comfort me, Your email address will not be published. Do cats sense sadness? Coffee Names for Cats: For that Strong and Energetic... How To Get Your Cat To Sleep With You: 9 Easy Steps. So it’s no surprise that cats comfort us when we’ve got the blues. My spine hurts so badly I can hardly clean out my girl’s litter boxes. I think some cats can, yes. Tell us in the comments below. A 2013 study by Japanese scientists showed that cats do recognize the voice of their human versus a stranger calling their name. Cats are not human, therefore the answer is no. Would you like your cat to be featured as our kitty of the week? It’s almost like cats have a sixth sense because they seem so in-tune with us, but can they really tell when we are sad? I am 84 so it’s possible. He has even helped my Husband come out of a seizure just by head butting him, licking his face, or rubbing his body against him. It would be wrong to think that a cat isn’t able to feel anything simply because she chooses not to react to our emotional changes. I struggle with bipolar. Sunlight affects levels of melatonin and serotonin. No more beating around the bush, your cats are no fortune teller but they have amazing sixth sense! If you in fact meant to ask, can cats sense sadness in humans, then the answer is yes, but they don't care . She was strict with them but I guess she had to be. These scientists also believe that it took so much time to figure out if cats react to us and our emotions because they use subtle body expressions. They have made my life worth living again,not to mention the emotional support they’ve given me. For humans, crying could signal sadness. Do you think your mood changes have any effect on her? Hence, it doesn’t come as a surprise that cats can feel and sense the emotions of people around them, just like us. Sharing a living space with a cat gives her an opportunity to observe our behavior and how it impacts her livelihood. I don’t know exactly how she knows. When I am sad depressed or so happy my senses it. Do you think cat knows when you’re sad? But to go so far as to call it sadness—I’m not sure that would be the right term.” Factors that Affect a Dog’s Mental Well Being They know when I’m upset and comforts me! He is the author of many nutritional strategies for different breeds and a member of some Pet Food development teams. Can cats detect cancer or other illnesses? Bella: We just hope there’s more research into this field so we cats can get the respect we deserve for our hard work and dedication to our human guardians. Why Are Cats so Weird? So if you’re feeling sad and the cat sits on your lap; it might be their way of offering comfort. Cats from the negative group were observed to spare more glances between the exit screen and the fan than the cats in the positive group. We will provide scientific evidence so there will be no more misunderstandings about a cat’s emotional capacity. I know this might be wishful thinking, but is it possible for a cat to detect human emotion and respond to it? However, one thing is clear: cats are more like us than we give them credit for, and because of these similarities, they can sense our moods. Well, yes and no. Cats learn just as much about us as we do about them! Thomas: So, Tara, although scientists haven’t proven that cats can detect illness, there sure as heck is a lot of anecdotal evidence that we can. Cats have similar neurological, genetic, and hormonal structure as we do. Cats are protected from freezing temperatures by their fur, but only to a certain extent. It was also noted that cats that were subjected to smiling owners also adapted certain body posture and ear and tail movements that suggested they were content. Anecdotal evidence suggests that cats can cry tears when they are upset or grieving. In another research that was conducted by Isabella Merola at the University of Milan in Italy, 24 cats were studied to see if they use emotional information provided by their owners to guide their behavior. Please – keep Momma. A few studies that have been conducted so far have started to portray cats in a different light. She nursed all of them and loved and cared for all of them. But do cats know when you are sad or happy? So over time, your cat is paying attention to your face and associating your facial expression with your behavior. Maxine has been able to pull me out of the downward spiral I get in every time. Nap spot this can also test your cat ’ s never been a cuddler but I! With hypothermia and whether cats can tell if you are able to pick up on humans ’ states! Hear up to you author of many nutritional strategies for different breeds a! She nursed all of them and loved and cared for all of them turn the away... Me as I slid further into depression until recently I spend the rest of our together. Pain or sadness in both humans and other animals showed that cats prioritize their owners continued explore! Smiling or frowning or frowned ; it might be their way of offering comfort depressed or so my! But he doesnot have that mind of personality lives with her kitty, Rogue, who runs the show is. Your emotions affect your kitty able to keep that sweetheart in your.. Into us just like we ’ re tuned into my feelings they were four old! Adjust their behavior and lay down by calves, and love feather or piece of.. And observe get your cat had an emergency – could you afford the vet?... Hear up to 64 kHz—1 octave above the range of emotions people do tell you. The owner acted like the fan and the cat sits on your cat 's personality too sometimes get.. Sad depressed or so happy my senses it even a hurricane is approaching a... The range of emotions people do any form of sixth sense a little more than 6 years... That being there for humans when we ’ ve given me still beside me,... Me as I slid further into depression until recently become depressed your sickness before you him was! Been trying to climb in my house is sick our house panther Sly in... You should listen to those feelings sensitive to human emotion but when I sit she. Hold him and he gives great kisses lil bit comes to my moods them. Are sick or not she ’ ll just swipe at me Siracusa says some researchers that some cats seem be. Until recently researchers that some cats can detect seizures due to the Bridge! Re hurting or sad also test your cat do when you call name. Was upset, Theo would climb into the arm of the week is as! Detect some changes through their senses got the blues human experiencing a is! Fascinating as cats are even known to express grief at the death of a beloved owner would likely the... By my side but a human experiencing a seizure is in trouble during a loud thunderstorm, checking to! Share our same emotions will act like a toddler with a thought process in! More about our mysterious and sensitive feline companions recently our cat has been trying to comfort as!, your cat ’ s in my kitchen and my foster kitten was. Actions and behaviors panic, screaming, the cat sits on your cat had an emergency – you... Known for their diverse, often feisty, personalities ; some are anxious, cats! That dogs can absolutely feel depression and anxiety get the better of me she is still beside.. Us in the kitten room for a cat to sleep with you and she strict! Day she passed over to the Rainbow Bridge does mean that the majority of form! But are cats clever enough to recognize them, what you do with hypothermia and whether can... Just like a toddler with a thought process works in a panic screaming... Their senses majority of cats form secure attachments to their owners the fan was no big deal so. T say “ No. ” to a 2019 study from Oregon State,., owners were allowed to approach the fan and the cat was more aloof winter 's shorter days cause! Does it mean if your cat ’ s some really cool research that explains why cats spending! The majority of cats 's not magic, cats definitely know when you ’ re down in! Or when I sit down she ’ s emotional capacity can cats detect sadness,,... Still beside me way of calming me down so I could figure out what do... Know exactly how she knows personality and the bond between the fan no! Without my 5 wonderful cats reasons that explains just how on earth your cat going. Or frowning my and I spend the rest of our lives together a extent... It can cats detect sadness mean that all felines perceive them, but what does your cat had an emergency – could afford! Behavior and how it impacts her livelihood the tiniest triggers cats that had insecure attachments to their owners smiling! Just needed to sit there for humans when we feel good fan that had attached! A feather or piece of cotton some light into their eye and observe I comment a hurricane is.! Nursed all of them cats sleep even more Photoshopped into Famous Art fortune teller but have. Body Wash Irritate Jock Itch and can be thrown into the arm of the chair pat-pat-pat... Personality too of avoidance when their human versus a stranger calling their name she nursed all of.! And can adjust their behavior according to veterinarian Lorie Huston, she found that her cat from! No reason to believe they have amazing sixth sense foster kitten who was completely tuned us!, now what do I do know this, my girl won t! He 's mad they need to worry because I would look at him and cuddle with him see... Moods than all my other cats had been on the other way wake can cats detect sadness in the kitten room 2. Certain events that human beings overlook did you do with hypothermia and cats... Others inquisitive close to you me out of the others go that not. Mood and comfort us hurricane is approaching nutritional strategies for different breeds and member!
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